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Grapes/Wine

Regional wine figures 2009:

• The 29 EastAgri countries produce a total of 2.8 million tons.
• Wine trade is about 1.38 million ton of which 70% is import.
• The 2 largest exporting countries are Moldova and Ukraine.
• The 2 largest importing countries are Russia and Poland.
• Consumption is 3.2 million tons, 16% more than production.
• The average consumption per capita is 7.0 kg per year (2009).
• The consumption ranges from 0.3 to 42.9 kg/capita.




Source: FAOSTAT


Click pie chart for full world production and trade statistics


Wine is an alcoholic beverage produced by the fermentation of fruit juice, although usually the term 'wine' refers to the product that is obtained from grapes. Grape wine is probably the most ancient fermented beverage and, although its origins are unknown, grapes were first domesticated in the Southern Caucasus and the Near East. 1kg of grapes will produce around 0.7 litres of finished wine.

Over time, a relatively simple process has evolved into a complex technology and an immensely diversified "viniculture". New technologies range from satellite imagery to optimize grape yield and quality to “critical-point carbon dioxide” techniques to make new corks (see articles in Technology & Equipment). The steps involved in the processing of grapes into wine vary depending on whether the wine produced is to be white or red.

Wines are produced around the world and the variety of grapes used for production determines the category and quality. Other differentiating factors include climate, vineyard topography, and fermentation methods.

An important consumption trend is a movement in consumer preference toward higher quality wines, replacing 'house wines'.The traditional wine exporting countries (France, Italy, Spain) face global competition with lots of wines coming from “new world” countries, notably USA, Australia, South Africa and Chili. And there are many wine producers in the EastAgri region, the largest ones in volume are Romania and Russia, but these are not as well-recognized for their quality. On the export market the regional leaders are Moldova, Ukraine, Hungary, Macedonia and Bulgaria. See Stats & Maps below.


Production and trade in the EastAgri region


EastAgri top grape producers in 2011
CountryQuantity (tonnes)% of region total
1. Turkey4,296,35140%
2. Uzbekistan1,090,20010%
3. Romania879,4878%
Region total10,659,316-
EastAgri top wine producers in 2011
CountryQuantity (tonnes)% of region total
1. Russia696,26029%
2. Romania405,81717%
3. Serbia224,43110%
Region total2,360,488-



EastAgri top grape importers in 2011

CountryQuantity (tonnes)% of region total
1. Russia399,99853%
2. Poland106,33914%
3. Kazakhstan57,1638%
Region total759,471-

EastAgri top wine importers in 2011

CountryQuantity (tonnes)% of region total
1. Russia678,42350%
2. Poland95,3397%
3. Romania90,5217%
Region total1,347,973-



- For full grape production and trade stats in the EastAgri region please click here
- For full wine production and trade stats in the EastAgri region please click here

- For import and export trade partners for grapes, please click here
- For import and export trade partners for wine, please click here

Related project pages

  • Macedonia: Technical Assistance to the Wine Sector - Project Page

  • Related publications

  • Agribusiness Handbook: Grapes Wine (2009)
  • Protection of Georgian Wine Appellations - Part I
  • Protection of Georgian Wine Appellations - Part II

  • Related meetings and workshops

  • Study tour for Macedonian wine producers in Tuscany, April 2013
  • Geographical Indications in Macedonian Wine Sector, Skopje, March 2012
  • Study tour on the geographical indication system in the EU for Macedonian wine producers, December 2011
  • Wine Study Tour to Bordeaux, April 2008
  • Protecting Georgian Wine Appellations, Final Workshop, Tbilisi, November 2007
  • Study Tour/Seminar on How to Protect Wine Appellations, Italy, July 2007
  • Workshop on Negotiation, to Protect Wine Appellations, Georgia, June 2006
  • Protecting Georgian Wine Appellations, Tbilisi, December 2005

  • Related news

  • Na zdravje! Macedonia's first wine Geographical Indication Association is registered - July 2013
  • Wine and Ideas Flow along the Vardar River, April 2012
  • EBRD provides further support to develop Macedonian wine sector, June 2009
  • EBRD invests in leading Macedonian wine producer, November 2008
  • Protection and Promotion of Georgian wine appellations - Final Workshop, December 2007
  • GEORGIAN WINE SECTOR TO LEARN FROM ITALIAN EXPERIENCE, July 2007
  • Georgian wine producers over a barrel, July 2006
  • Workshop conclusions on the Protection of Georgian Wine Appellations, February 2006
  • Protecting Georgian Wine Appellations, Tbilisi, December 2005


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