Geographical Indications

Geographical Indications
Geographical Indications (GIs) give distinction to a product by recognizing superior and specific characteristics that are directly attributable to its growing region and production process.

GI signs used on goods identify origin, quality, characteristics and reputation of a product and they commonly include the name of the place of origin to identify that product as originating in a particular region. Specific provisions that govern food GIs are contained in Article 22 of the World Trade Centre Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), which came into effect on 1 January 1995. GIs are increasingly being recognized as valuable marketing tools in the global economy, serving as source identifiers and guarantees of quality.

Under the TRIPS Agreement, member states must provide protection to those products that are identified as geographic indications. This means that other products cannot purposely mislead consumers into believing that the product originated from a region from which it did not.

 The names and qualities of agricultural products and food stuffs are promoted and protected by the European Union by two schemes:
  • Protected designation origin (PDO) – covers agricultural products and foodstuffs which are produced, processed and prepared in a given geographical area using recognized know-how
  • Protected geographical indication (PGI) – covers agricultural products and foodstuffs closely linked to the geographical area. At least one of the stages of production, processing or preparation takes place in the area

Related project pages
  • Croatia: Support to the Development of Geographical Indications - Project page

  • Related meetings and workshops
  • Final Project Workshop on Geographical Indications in Macedonia, Skopje, July 2013
  • Second Technical Workshop on Geographical Indications in Macedonia, Skopje, March 2013
  • First Technical Workshop on Geographical Indications in Macedonia, Skopje, December 2012
  • Geographical Indications in Macedonian Wine Sector, Skopje, March 2012
  • Study tour on the geographical indication system in the EU for Macedonian wine producers, December 2011
  • Croatian sausage producers exploring the benefits of the Geographical Indication Status, Italy, September 2011
  • Geographical Indications in Croatia, Zagreb, April 2011

  • Related news
  • Na zdravje! Macedonia's first wine Geographical Indication Association is registered - July 2013
  • Croatian Kulen producers exploring the benefits of Geographical Indications, December 2011
  • Boosting sales of Croatian products with Geographical Indications, May 2011
  • Quality Food Products Linked to Geographical Origin and Traditions - Belgrade, December 2008

  • Related videos
  • Geographical indications: creaming off the best of tradition
  • Sector resources

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    EastAgri is supported by FAO, EBRD, and The World Bank